MINISTRY OF HEALTH
NATIONAL HIV/STI PROGRAM
JAMAICA HIV/AIDS EPIDEMIC UPDATE
January to December 2007
AIDS cases and deaths
- The total number of reported cases of AIDS in Jamaica between January 1982 and December 2007 is 12,520.
- The total number of reported AIDS deaths in Jamaica between January 1982 and December 2007 is 6,993.
In July 2005, the national HIV/STI program began monitoring cases of advanced HIV to reflect the need for treatment at an earlier stage of disease. Persons with advanced HIV include persons with CD4 count < 350. Figures reported for AIDS cases between July 2005 and December 2007 include persons with advanced HIV.
- In 2007, one thousand one hundred and four persons with advanced HIV (595 males and 509 females) were reported compared to 1,186 in 2006. Of these1104 persons, seven hundred and eighty-one (781) persons were diagnosed with AIDS compared to 1,112 persons in 2004. This represents a 30% decline in AIDS cases and is largely due to an increased access to treatment.
- The number of AIDS deaths has also decreased with three hundred and twenty (320) AIDS deaths (201 males and 119 females) reported in 2007 compared to 514 in 2005 (Figure 1).
A decrease in AIDS deaths and cases is attributed to the introduction of public access to antiretroviral treatment in 2004, prophylaxis against opportunistic infections and improved laboratory capacity to conduct investigations such as CD4 counts, viral load and PCRs. These factors have resulted in a general improved quality of care.
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